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    Alsace-Lorraine

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    Alsace-Lorraine

    Post  Guest on Tue Jan 18, 2011 10:20 am

    The Imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine (German: Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen, generally Elsass-Lothringen) was a territory created by the German Empire in 1871 after the annexation of most of Alsace and the Moselle region of Lorraine in the Franco-Prussian War. The Alsatian part lay in the Rhine Valley on the west bank of the Rhine River and east of the Vosges Mountains. The Lorraine section was in the upper Moselle valley to the north of the Vosges Mountains.
    These territories had become part of Eastern Francia in 921 during the reign of King Louis the German, and later became part of the Holy Roman Empire. Their population spoke Germanic and Romance dialects. Those in Alsace spoke in their vast majority Germanic dialects, in particular Alsatian, an Alemannic German dialect similar to that spoken on the opposite bank of the Rhine, while those in Lorraine were divided roughly equally between those who spoke the Romance Lorrain dialect and those who spoke Franconian German dialects. The area had gradually become part of France between 1552, when Metz was ceded to the Kingdom of France, and 1798, when the Republic of Mulhouse joined the French Republic. After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, the area was annexed by the newly-created German Empire in 1871 by the Treaty of Frankfurt and became a Reichsland.
    French troops entered Alsace-Lorraine in November 1918 at the end of the World War I and the territory reverted to France at the Treaty of Versailles of 1919.

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